Canine hookworms, a look at hookworms in dogs
In addition to roundworms and tapeworms, canine hookworms are also common parasites. These internal parasites are about three millimeters long, but suck a lot of blood. They live in the small intestine and attach themselves to the walls using their teeth. Although these worms can affect grown dogs, they usually affect puppies and can be fatal in some cases.
Hookworms can infect your dog in a variety of ways. Some dogs ingest them by licking or swallowing infected soil. The worms can also penetrate your dog’s body through his skin. The mother can also pass them to her puppies through her placenta. After birth, the mother can pass them along through her milk.
Hookworms in dogs causes a variety of symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms include bloody diarrhea and weakness. The larvae can also penetrate deeply into the skin. This will cause your dog a lot of discomfort due to the itching that results. Severe cases of canine hookworms can also cause anemia. In this case, you will notice your dog’s gums will appear pale.
Hookworms are capable of producing a large amount of eggs every day. Females can produce up to 20,000 on a daily basis. An infestation can be diagnosed through a stool sample. However, an analysis of the stool will only show problems if there is a large infestation. Therefore, this method of diagnosis is less reliable in young puppies.
Hookworms in dogs can easily be treated using deworming medication. The medication can be administered either orally or by injection. After the first treatment, some worms will grow from larvae into adults. Therefore, treatment will have to be repeated in approximately one month to kill the new adult worms. As mentioned earlier, canine hookworms can cause anemia. Therefore, some dogs may also need a blood transfusion.